Argument of Roger S. Baldwin
Argument of Roger S. Baldwin.pdf
Argument of Roger S. Baldwin, of New Haven, before the Supreme Court A ditigal copy of the publication:Argument
of Roger S. Baldwin, of New Haven, before the Supreme Court of the United States, in the case of the United States,
appellants, vs. Cinque, and others, Africans of the Amistad. Baldwin, Roger S. 1793-1863. (Roger Sherman).
Published New York : S. W. Benedict, 1841.Included in addition to the material above is a ditigal copy of William E.
Channing’s The Duty of the Free States or Remarks Suggested by the Case of the Creole.Boston: William Crosby &
Company, 1842. In November 1841 the 135 enslaved African Americans on board the ship Creole overpowered the
crew, murdering one man, while sailing from Hampton Roads, Virginia, to New Orleans, Louisiana. Led by Madison
Washington, they sailed the vessel to Nassau, Bahamas, where the British declared most of them free. This
pamphlet’s author, William Channing, refutes the American claims that the property of U.S. slave owners should be
protected in foreign ports. In the diplomatic controversy that followed, Ohio Congressman Joshua Giddings argued
that once the ship was outside of U.S. territorial waters, the African Americans were entitled to their liberty and that
any attempt to reenslave them would be unconstitutional. Censured by the House of Representatives, he resigned,
but his constituents quickly reelected him and sent him back to Congress.